Measurements - The Chef's Cooking School


Listed below are U.S. measurements and abbreviations and the most relative metric abbreviations, further down the page are some helpful equivalents. 


teaspoon = tsp

Tablespoon = T

Cup = C

Pint = Pt

pound =lb (and #)

quart = qt

Note from the Chef:

Liquid and dry measures are not necessarily the same. 1 pint of water weighs 1 lb.

"A pint is a pound the whole world round" have you ever heard this quote?

However, 1 pint of any other liquid than water wouldn't weigh the same because they have different density's

Note from the Chef:

In my years in the kitchen I would have to say that knowing these basic equivalents has been most helpful in saving time in the kitchen. Knowing if something calls for 3 tsp. I can simply measure out 1 T. instead. Then relating the same for oz., cups, pints and gallons. I included peck and bushel because they relate to purchasing shellfish.

Whenever you measure dry goods, it is important to level the item off with the straight edge of something.

Sifted flour is not the same as unsifted flour. Flour must always be measured in the way a recipe states. If it calls for 2 cups don't weigh out a pound, it is not how the author created the recipe. 

Measured Equivalents

3 tsp. = 1 Tablespoon

2 T. = 1 fluid ounce

2 oz. = ¼ cup

4 oz. = ½ cup

8 oz. = 1 cup

2 cups = 16 oz. Or 1 Pint

½ liter = 16.91 oz.

1 liter = 33.81 oz.

lb. is pound = 16oz.

1 peck = 2 gallons

1 bushel = 4 pecks or 8 gallons

Metric Equivalent

½ liter = 16.91 oz.

1 liter = 33.81 oz

1 lb. = .454 kg = 453.59 g = 453592.37 mg


kilograms = 2.2 lbs.

Metric abbreviations

l. is liter = metric

kg. is kilogram = metric

g. is gram =metric

mg. is milligram =metric